Abdomen anatomy

GallBladder stone

Overview – 1. Obstruction of extra hepatic biliary apparatus and gastrointestinal tract 2. Compression of common hepatic duct and common bile duct 3. Fistula between gallbladder and it’s surrounding structures 1. Obstruction – A. Extra hepatic biliary apparatus (EHBA) – 1. Cystic duct (CD) Due to obstruction of cystic duct by gallstone it causes acute …

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GI bleeding

Overview- 1. Epistaxis 2. Hemoptysis 3. Hematemesis 4. Hematochezia 5. Melena6. Hematouria Blood from Nose (Epistaxis) It is also called Epistaxis. Some important questions about nose bleeding. Question 1. Epistaxis is due to the rupture of Kiesselbach’s plexus which is present at little’s area of anterior inferior part of the nasal septum. Question 2. Four …

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Rectus sheath

Rectus sheath

Overview – 1. Theory 2. Diagram 3. Clinical This is a aponeurotic sheath covering the rectus abdominis muscle (Anterior abdominal wall muscle). We covered rectus sheath anatomy into three point are as follow: Theory, diagram and clinical’s. A. Theory – The rectus sheath has two wall, and it contain two muscles, two artery, two vein, …

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Abdominal Aorta

Overview  – In this topic, we covered branches of the Abdominal Aorta and the blood supply of the Abdominal Viscera. Abdominal Viscera: Oesophagus, Stomach, Liver, Spleen, Pancreas, Kidney, Small Intestine (Duodenum, Jejunum, Ilium), Large Intestine (Caecum, Vermiform Appendix, Ascending Colon, Transverse Colon, Descending Colon, Sigmoid Colon, Rectum, Anal Canal), and Gonads. We read the branches …

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