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GallBladder stone

Overview – 1. Obstruction of extra hepatic biliary apparatus and gastrointestinal tract 2. Compression of common hepatic duct and common bile duct 3. Fistula between gallbladder and it’s surrounding structures 1. Obstruction – A. Extra hepatic biliary apparatus (EHBA) – 1. Cystic duct (CD) Due to obstruction of cystic duct by gallstone it causes acute …

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Femoral nerve

Overview 1. Femoral nerve and it’s branches 2. Cutaneous nerve of thigh 3. Patellar plexus 4. Muscles of anterior compartment of thigh 5. Hip joint nerve supply 6. Knee joint nerve supply 7. Clinicals In lower limb anatomy we study five main nerves 1. Femoral nerve 2. Obturator nerve 3. Sciatic nerve 4. Tibial nerve …

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Temporal fossa

Overview- 1. Boundaries- Anterior, posterior, superior, inferior, lateral, and medial. 2. Communication- Infratemporal fossa. 3. Content- Muscle, artery, and nerve. ● It is a fan shape, shallow fossa. ● Two in number and present on anterolateral side of the skull. ● Temporalis muscle (Fan shape muscle) are attached on it. 1. Boundaries- The boundaries of …

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Rectus sheath

Rectus sheath

Overview – 1. Theory 2. Diagram 3. Clinical This is a aponeurotic sheath covering the rectus abdominis muscle (Anterior abdominal wall muscle). We covered rectus sheath anatomy into three point are as follow: Theory, diagram and clinical’s. A. Theory – The rectus sheath has two wall, and it contain two muscles, two artery, two vein, …

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Intermuscular Spaces

Overview- In this article we covered. • Quadrangular Space • Upper Triangular Space • Lower Triangular Space • Axillary Nerve • Lower Subscapular Nerve • Radial Nerve • Axillary Artery branches (PCHA and Circumflex scapular artery) • Brachial Artery branches (Profunda or Deep brachii artery) Mnemonic- 3 Spaces, 3 Muscles, and 3 Artery. 3 SPACES: …

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Larynx Anatomy

Overview- In this article we covered- • Larynx Intrinsic muscles (Total 9 muscles) • Vagus nerve (Superior and inferior/recurrent laryngeal nerve) • Pharyngeal arch (4th and 6th arch) Larynx muscles (Intrinsic muscles) ● Development– All Intrinsic Muscles of the Larynx are developed from the 6th pharyngeal arch except the Cricothyroid muscle (this is developed from …

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Carotid artery

OVERVIEW- In this article we covered- A. External carotid artery and its branches B. Maxillary artery and its branches C. Maxillary nerve (Trigeminal nerve) and its branches Branches of External carotid artery (ECA) • this is the branch of the common carotid artery (Common carotid artery divide into two part; external and internal carotid artery- …

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Trigeminal Nerve

1. Ophthalmic Division of Trigeminal Nerve- (Sensory) • Frontal branch A. Supra Trochlear (Medial side)- Supply to the skin of the upper eyelid B. Supra Orbital (Lateral side) – Supply to the skin of upper eyelid and forehead • Nasociliary A. Infra Trochlear B. Anterior Ethmoidal- Supply to the nose. C. Posterior Ethmoidal- Supply to …

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