Volkmann’s contracture

1. Supra condylar fracture of humerus bone / Tight plaster 2. Due to supra condylar fracture / tight plaster brachial artery damage (artery compress, tear) 3. Blood flow decrease (Ischaemia) – Volkmann’s ischaemia 4. If Ischaemia persist for long time – It cause muscle necrosis 5. Contracture (short and hard) and fibrosis of muscle – …

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Talocalcaneonavicular joint

Chart Highlights- 1. Talocalcaneonavicular 2. Spring ligament 3. Bifurcate ligament As the clear by Talocalcaneonavicular joint, it is formed by three tarsal bones talus, calcaneal and navicular bone. It is ball and socket type joint. Ball is formed by calcaneal and navicular bone.Socket is formed by talus bone.  

Cranial nerve

There are 12 pair of cranial nerve are present in our body. 1. Ophthalmic nerve 2. Optic nerve 3. Oculomotor nerve – It supplies to all eye muscles except superior oblique and lateral rectus. 4. Trochlear nerve – It supplies only one eye muscle, superior oblique muscle (SO)5. Trigeminal nerve 6. Abducens nerve – It …

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Tongue nerve supply

We study tongue nerve supply into two parts. 1. Sensory supply- 1. Anterior 2/3 of tongue- General sensation (GS) – Trigeminal nerve carry GS from anterior 2/3 of tongue. Special sensation (SS) – Facial nerve carry SS from anterior 2/3 of tongue. 2. Posterior 1/3 of tongue- Glossopharyngeal nerve carry both GS and SS from …

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Genitofemoral nerve

Origin- Genitofemoral nerve arise from lumbar plexus. Root value- L1, L2 Branches- It is divided into two branches. 1. Genital Branch of Genitofemoral Nerve: As clear by it’s name, it is related to genital organ. It is the content of spermatic cord. 2. Femoral branch of genitofemoral nerve: As clear by its name, it is related to …

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