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GallBladder stone

Overview – 1. Obstruction of extra hepatic biliary apparatus and gastrointestinal tract 2. Compression of common hepatic duct and common bile duct 3. Fistula between gallbladder and it’s surrounding structures 1. Obstruction – A. Extra hepatic biliary apparatus (EHBA) – 1. Cystic duct (CD) Due to obstruction of cystic duct by gallstone it causes acute …

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Femoral nerve

Overview 1. Femoral nerve and it’s branches 2. Cutaneous nerve of thigh 3. Patellar plexus 4. Muscles of anterior compartment of thigh 5. Hip joint nerve supply 6. Knee joint nerve supply 7. Clinicals In lower limb anatomy we study five main nerves 1. Femoral nerve 2. Obturator nerve 3. Sciatic nerve 4. Tibial nerve …

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Pterion

Overview- We covered pterion anatomy into below points. 1. Fontanelle- Pterion2. Location- Temporal fossa3. Formation 4. Artery- Middle meningeal artery 5. Nerve- Auriculotemporal nerve6. Hematoma7. Surgical landmark 8. Fracture 1. In pediatrics we read four fontanelle- A. Anterior fontanelle or BregmaB. Posterior fontanelle or LambdaC. Anterolateral fontanelle or Pterion D. Posterolateral fontanelle or Asterion Mnemonic: …

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Temporal fossa

Overview- 1. Boundaries- Anterior, posterior, superior, inferior, lateral, and medial. 2. Communication- Infratemporal fossa. 3. Content- Muscle, artery, and nerve. ● It is a fan shape, shallow fossa. ● Two in number and present on anterolateral side of the skull. ● Temporalis muscle (Fan shape muscle) are attached on it. 1. Boundaries- The boundaries of …

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Rectus sheath

Rectus sheath

Overview – 1. Theory 2. Diagram 3. Clinical This is a aponeurotic sheath covering the rectus abdominis muscle (Anterior abdominal wall muscle). We covered rectus sheath anatomy into three point are as follow: Theory, diagram and clinical’s. A. Theory – The rectus sheath has two wall, and it contain two muscles, two artery, two vein, …

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Intermuscular Spaces

Overview- In this article we covered. • Quadrangular Space • Upper Triangular Space • Lower Triangular Space • Axillary Nerve • Lower Subscapular Nerve • Radial Nerve • Axillary Artery branches (PCHA and Circumflex scapular artery) • Brachial Artery branches (Profunda or Deep brachii artery) Mnemonic- 3 Spaces, 3 Muscles, and 3 Artery. 3 SPACES: …

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Hip Joint

Ligaments of Hip Joint- Overview: In this article we covered. 1. Ligament of head of the femur 2. Acetabular labrum 3. Transverse acetabular ligament 4. Capsular ligament or fibrous capsule of the hip joint 5. iliofemoral ligament or Ligament of Bigelow 6. Ischio femoral ligament 7. Pubofemoral ligament You can easily understand all ligament of …

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Larynx Anatomy

Overview- In this article we covered- • Larynx Intrinsic muscles (Total 9 muscles) • Vagus nerve (Superior and inferior/recurrent laryngeal nerve) • Pharyngeal arch (4th and 6th arch) Larynx muscles (Intrinsic muscles) ● Development– All Intrinsic Muscles of the Larynx are developed from the 6th pharyngeal arch except the Cricothyroid muscle (this is developed from …

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